Four-horned antelope are about 0.60 meters high, and they weigh about 20 kilograms.They have a light yellowish-brown fur with a white underside. 1). [16] It is thought that ancestral bovids had a diploid chromosome number of 58 which has reduced in Tetracerus to 38 through a process of concatenation of some chromosomes. [43], Small antelope from Asia (Tetracerus quadricornis), International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, "XXIII. Four-horned Antelope. Young fawns start taking solid food after two weeks Fossils of Miotragoceros are not apparent in Africa (only M. cyrenaicus has been reported from the continent), but have significant presence in the Shiwalik Hills in India and Pakistan, as do several Tragoportax species. Its primary distribution is in India, mainly in Tamil Nadu and Orissa. Four-horned Antelope, also known as Chousingha are found in dry deciduous forests and are solitary in nature. The nilgai is nearly nine times heavier and two times taller than the four-horned antelope. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus. Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. Juveniles remain with their mothers for about a year. [28] The use of alarm calls to alert others is not common because the antelope tries to avoid the attention of predators. [20] Alan W. Gentry of the Natural History Museum reported the presence of another boselaphine, Mesembriportax, from Langebaanweg (South Africa). T. q. quadricornis (Blainville, 1816) This medium sized wild sheep is also known as the goat-antelope of Himalayas. As the name suggests, these antelopes have four horns. Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. While the posterior horns measure 8–12 centimetres (3.1–4.7 in), the anterior ones are 2–5 centimetres (0.79–1.97 in) long. However, the small front pair of horns is rarely visible in the subspecies found in South India. Four‐horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816), hereafter “FHA” (Fig. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. They are also known to frequent water and are never seen far from it. A 2005 study suggested the migration of Miotragoceros to eastern Asia around 8 Mya. Black Buck. Four-horned antelope definition is - an Indian antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) the male of which has two pairs of horns —called also bekra, bhokra, doda. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. The Four-horned Antelope is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. [1], Major protected areas across India where four-horned antelopes occur include: Gir National Park (Gujarat); Bandhavgarh National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanha National Park, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, Panna Tiger Reserve, Pench Tiger Reserve, Sanjay National Park, Satpura National Park (Madhya Pradesh); Tadoba Andhari Reserve (Maharashtra); Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Ranthambore National Park, Rangayyanadurga wildlife sanctuary (Karnataka), and Sariska Tiger Reserve (Rajasthan). Question: The Indian four-horned antelope actually has four … The southern sable antelope (H. n. niger; also known as the common sable antelope, black sable antelope, Matsetsi sable antelope or South Zambian sable antelope) is regarded as the nominate subspecies, as it was the first one to be described and named in 1838.Often referred to as the black sable antelope because it … This antelope has four horns, which distinguish it from most other bovids, which have two horns (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). The posterior horns are always longer than the anterior horns, which might be mere fur-covered studs. The four distinct horns of the male are perhaps its most unique feature. [3]:422 The specific name quadricornis is derived from two Latin words: quattuor meaning "four"[3]:351 and cornu "horn". Four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) - Also known as chousingha, is a small species of antelope found in India and Nepal. Three subspeciesare recognised. Four-horned Antelope have a yellow-brown coat with the underside and the legs are white in color. Slender with thin legs and a short tail, the four-horned antelope has a yellowish brown to reddish coat. Adults mark vegetation in their territories with a colourless secretion of preorbital glands, that soon condenses to form a white film. Preferred herbs include Helichrysum, Indigofera and Tinospora species and Leucas aspera. One pair of horns is located between the ears, and the other on the forehead. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. Most of the existing populations are in India, and lower numbers in adjoining Nepal. The four horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816) also known as “Chausingha or Chauka” is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. The four-horned antelope is a selective browser that can also be given a separate class of a ‘nibbler’ (Rahmani, A.R. The four-horned Abstract: The Four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816) is endemic to the Indian Sub-continent and is classified as ‘Vulnerable’ (C2a (i)) in the IUCN Redlist. Grasses comprise nearly 29 percent of the diet, followed by foliage from trees (nearly nine percent). Four-horned antelopes are threatened by the loss of their natural habitat due to agricultural expansion. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a small antelope found in India and Nepal. Standing only 55 to 64 cm (22 to 25 in) at the shoulder, it is the smallest of Asian bovids. Tetracerus quadricornis is the scientific name of this animal. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a small antelope found in India and Nepal. Standing only 55 to 64 cm (22 to 25 in) at the shoulder, it is the smallest of Asian bovids. [15] The extant and extinct boselaphine forms show similar development of the horn cores (the central bony part of the horn). Chousingha/Four Horned Antelope. Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) - Also known as Indian lion, Asian lion, Persian lion, Arabian lion, or Middle Eastern lion, is a subspecies of lion native to the India. [2] The Boselaphini have horns with a keel on the front and lack rings as found in other antelope groups. 2). A black stripe marks the outer surface of each leg. [5], The authority for Tetracerus is variously indicated according to interpretations of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Its primary distribution is in India extending South of … The Four-horned Antelope, also known as Chousinga is a mammal found in open forest areas in India and Nepal. [1] The four-horned antelope is classified as Vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. It has four horns. The four-horned antelope, however, lacks their antlers. Within the country, the species is protected Four‐horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816), hereafter “FHA” (Fig. Four-horned Antelope. Only male antelopes have horns, and they grow in pairs – the one further back on the head is usually longer, reaching up to 10 cm, while the front pair rarely exceeds length of 5 cm.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itsnature_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_5',627,'0','0'])); Four-horned antelopes live alone or in pairs, it is possible that they establish life-long pairs with an antelope of the opposite sex. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) is a bovine even-toed ungulate.It is also called by its Hindi name chousingha.It is different from other bovines because it has four horns instead of two. [28], Breeding behaviour of the four-horned antelope has not been well studied. However, in extreme cases, these calls may be used to warn predators that they have been identified. These are made from bone and are permanent features on the heads. Four-horned Antelope. The shrub Grewia hirsuta is frequently eaten. Four-horned Antelopes are unique, being the only bovids with four horns (Nowak, 1999; Walker, 1995; Macdonald, 1984). Date: 24 May 2009, 07:40:41: Source: Own … It is known that the males are extremely aggressive during the mating season and violent fights are not exceptional. Juveniles are kept concealed for the first few weeks of birth. [2], The four-horned antelope inhabits areas with significant cover from grasses or heavy undergrowth, and close to water bodies. Usually solitary in nature, they are also found in The antelope often associates with langurs under fruiting trees, just as chital frequently do. Chousingha: the antelope of the woodlands . The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the Chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. [38][39], Earlier common throughout deciduous forests in India, four-horned antelopes are now found in low numbers. The antelope is the only member of the family Bovidae whose male has four horns—two slightly curved rear horns measuring 8–10 cm long and two straight front horns measuring 2.5–4 cm long. Four-horned antelopes live in one territory for multiple years and will only move if there is no other option. Antelopes belong to the same group of mammals as cattle, bison, sheep and goats. The chousingha has a slender body and yellowish-brown to reddish coat and a short tail. [18] fossils from the same period have also been excavated in the eastern Mediterranean region. As the name suggests, these antelopes have four horns. The sole member of the genus Tetracerus, the species was first described by French zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville in 1816. It is native to the arid regions of Southern Africa, such as the Kalahari Desert. The four-horned antelope is a small, slender animal, with a body length reaching 1 m and a tail length of 10–15 cm. Contrast it with the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), locally known as Rohith, which is the largest antelope in the world. The newborn has a head-and-body length of 42 to 46 centimetres (17 to 18 in), and weighs 0.7 to 1.1 kg (1.5 to 2.4 lb). It is possible that these animals form life-long pairs, because mostly two individuals can be observed.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'itsnature_org-box-4','ezslot_7',629,'0','0'])); Female’s pregnancy lasts for about 8 months and 1-3 calves are born. Grass and browse were consumed in nearly equal proportions. Boselaphini and Tragelaphini were predicted to be close;[7] this was seconded by a similar study in 1999. They are also known to frequent water and are never seen far from it. Gemsbok, or South African oryx (Oryx gazella) is a large antelope in the genus Oryx. There are only four species of antelope found in India, Black Buck,Chinkara Gazelle,Nilgai and Four Horned Antelope. Question: The Indian four-horned antelope actually has four horns. Four-horned antelopes tend to inhabit areas with significant grass cover or heavy undergrowth, and avoid human settlements. The posterior horn lengths for the subspecies recorded by him were: 8–10 centimetres (3.1–3.9 in) for T. q. quadricornis, 6.5–7.5 centimetres (2.6–3.0 in) in T. q. iodes and 1.8–2 centimetres (0.71–0.79 in) in T. q. Black Buck. These are made from bone and are permanent features on the heads. The Four Horned Antelope is the the smallest Asian bovines, mostly found in state of Tamilnadu, Orissa and Gir Forest in Rajasthan.Chousingha or Four-horned antelopes live in open ground to dry deciduous forests of hills. Four-horned Antelope is known as Chauka in Nepali. Same species alive today. [2] The hair feels coarse, more like that of a deer than the glossy hair typical of antelopes. These antelopes are herbivores and they feed on most forest vegetation, being too afraid to go to meadows. The front two are typically 25-38 mm long, and sometimes only a raised black area of skin is present. Four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) - Also known as chousingha, is a small species of antelope found in India and Nepal. 14.11.2016 - A four-horned ‪#‎antelope‬ (Tetracerus quadricornis) also called by its Hindi name ‪#‎Chousingha‬ sighted during a game drive at ‪#‎Kanha‬ National Park near Karai Ghati, Kisli Zone. This elusive antelope feeds on grasses, herbs, shrubs, foliage, flowers and fruits. The antelope is the only member of the family Bovidae whose male has four horns—two slightly curved rear horns measuring 8–10 cm long and two straight front horns measuring 2.5–4 cm long. Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. However, Leach is now identified as the appropriate authority based on Article 50.1.1 of the Zoological Code. IUCN status – Vulnerable. [31], The four-horned antelope is diurnal (active mainly during the day), though it mainly rests or ruminates in dense undergrowth at noon. The scientific name of the four-horned antelope is Tetracerus quadricornis. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. During fieldwork, the presence of four-horned antelope was recorded for the first time near Bukar village, situated at an Eastern boundary of the GBWLS (Fig. The Chousingha (Four-horned Antelope) is the only animal in the world bearing four horns. Black Buck is known as Krishna Shar in Nepali. Four-horned Antelope have a yellow-brown coat with the underside and the legs are white in color. This antelope has four horns, which distinguish it from most other bovids, which have two horns (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). This was a rare sighting of the chousingha (literally, four horns), also known as the four-horned antelope or Tetracerus quadricornis; by some accounts, they are rarer than a tiger. Photo Courtesy: Harpreet Singh Of the six antelopes found in India, four are found in Karnataka and of those, the vulnerable four-horned antelope competes with other species as the most charismatic of the Cauvery landscape. A study in Mudumalai National Park (Tamil Nadu, India) showed that the antelope prefers grass species of the family Cyperaceae; genera Axonopus, Cynodon, Digitaria, Echinochloa, Panicum, Sehima and Sporobolus; and the species Imperata cylindrica, Ottochloa nodosa, Pseudanthistria umbellata and Themeda cymbaria. It’s not known when the young antelopes start their own lives or reach sexual maturity, but from the individuals observed in the wild, it’s speculated that the total life expectancy reaches up to 10 years. Gazelles also belong to this same group. Gestation lasts about eight months, following which one or two calves are born. Antelopes belong to the same group of mammals as cattle, bison, sheep and goats. Four-horned antelope are about 0.60 meters high, and they weigh about 20 kilograms.They have a light yellowish-brown fur with a white underside. Only … The number of its horns distinguishes it from most of the other bovids, that have two horns[24] (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). The generic name Tetracerus is the combination of two Greek words: tetra meaning "four"[3]:351 and keras meaning "horn". subquadricornutus. [28] The fetlocks are marked with white patches. Four-horned Antelope. The breeding behaviour of the four-horned antelope has not been well studied. Four-horned Antelopes are unique, being the only bovids with four horns (Nowak, 1999; Walker, 1995; Macdonald, 1984). Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. Moreover, the unusual four-horned skull of these antelope and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters. 2). Their fur is short, yellowish to brown by colour and white on the extremities. [3]:421 The four-horned antelope is known by several vernacular names: chausingha, chowsingha, chousingha (Hindi for "four horns"), doda, ghutri (mainly in central India) (Hindi); kondu kuri (Kannada); chauka (Nepalese); nari komboo marn (Tamil). [32] Predators of four-horned antelopes include tigers,[35] leopards, and dholes. The two may kneel and push against each other with the necks intertwined. [6] Philip Sclater and Oldfield Thomas listed Hardwicke as the genus authority by virtue of his being the author of the publication. At two feet in height and twenty kilos, the four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) is small and skittish; it is mostly solitary and lives in … The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) is a bovine even-toed ungulate.It is also called by its Hindi name chousingha.It is different from other bovines because it has four horns instead of two. One pair of horns is present in between the ears and the other pair on forehead.The four - horned antelope feeds on grasses, herbs, shrubs, foliage, flowers and fruits. Descriptions of two species of antelope from India", Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, "DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Evolutionary affinities of the enigmatic saola (, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, "A catalogue of the species of mammalia found in the Southern Mahratta Country; with their Synonymes in the Native Languages in use there", "Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Bovini (Mammalia: Artiodactyla): alternative placement of the anoa", Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, "The Bovidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the late Miocene of Akkas¸dag˘i, Turkey", "Late Miocene Boselaphini (Bovidae, Artiodactyla) from Fugu, Shaanxi Province, China", "Natural history observations of the four-horned antelope, "Spatial Niche Partitioning in Sub-Tropical Solitary Ungulates: Four-Horned Antelope and Barking Deer in Nepal", "Population distribution and conservation of the four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) in the tropical forest of Southern India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Four-horned_antelope&oldid=1000885137, Taxa named by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An illustration of the four-horned antelope from, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 06:01. The range in India covers a vast expanse, from the foothills of the Himalayas in the north to the Deccan Plateau in the south. Tetracerus quadricornis is the scientific name of this animal. It often conceals itself in tall grasses to escape predators. gestation period of four-horned antelope is 7.5-8 months although higher gestation length has also been reported in cervids (Jeber et al., 2013). [40] Presently the four-horned antelope is confined to the Indian subcontinent, occurring widely in disjunct and small populations. [8] The following cladogram is based on the 1992 study:[7], Colin Groves (2003) recognizes three subspecies of the four-horned antelope on the basis of distribution and physical characteristics such as coat colour, body size and the number of horns:[4][9], Though Boselaphini has no African representation today,[12] fossil evidence supports its presence in the continent during as early as the late Miocene – the two living antelopes of this tribe, in fact, have been found to have a closer relationship with the earliest bovids (like Eotragus species) than do the other bovids. Four-horned Antelope. This medium sized wild sheep is also known as the goat-antelope of Himalayas. The four-horned antelope is threatened by the loss of its natural habitat due to agricultural expansion. Four horned antelope is also called as Chousingha. Although their natural habitat is forests and bushy areas, they can easily maneuver through hilly areas and they climb rocks with incredible agility. These horns measure nearly 4.5–5 centimetres (1.8–2.0 in) in T. q. quadricornis, and nearly 1.5–2.5 centimetres (0.59–0.98 in) in T. q. iodes. According to IUCN redlist this is vulnerable species with decreasing population trend (Mallon 2008). The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a small antelope found in India and Nepal. Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) - Also known as Indian lion, Asian lion, Persian lion, Arabian lion, or Middle Eastern lion, is a subspecies of lion native to the India. The pronghorn (UK: / ˈ p r ɒ ŋ h ɔːr n /, US: / ˈ p r ɔː ŋ-/) (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl (even-toed, hoofed) mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America.Though not an antelope, it is often known colloquially in North America as the American antelope, prong buck, pronghorn antelope, prairie antelope, or simply antelope because it … Females have four teats far back on the abdomen. Tetracerus quadricornis is the scientific name of this animal. Black Buck is known as Krishna Shar in Nepali. There are a few more morphological differences between these two groups of mammals. While the endangered fishing cat was seen at the Keoladeo bird sanctuary a rare glimpse of the four-horned antelope believed to be extinct for years was seen at the Sariska Wildlife Reserve. Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. [23], The four-horned antelope is one of the smallest Asian bovids. We also collected the pellet sample as evidence of the animal from the Sanctuary. 1). It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus. [13][14] This tribe originated at least 8.9 Mya, in much the same area where the four-horned antelope occurs today, and may represent the most "primitive" of all living bovids, having changed the least since the origins of the family. [1] Moreover, the unusual four-horned skull and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters. Moreover, the unusual four-horned skull and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters. [28][29][30] Horns emerge at 10 to 14 months. We also collected the pellet sample as evidence of the animal from the Sanctuary. No other wild herbivore has four horns, which does make it a unicorn, I suppose. The sole member of the genus Tetracerus, the species was first described by French zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville in 1816. Four Horned Antelope, Tetracerus quadricornis or chousingha, Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India Spiral Horned Antelope / Also Known as Kudu or koodoo, are mammals living in the Sahara desert region of Africa, where they are called Gray Ghosts. [25][26] The four-horned antelope stands 55–64 centimetres (22–25 in) at the shoulder and weighs 17–22 kilograms (37–49 lb); the head-and-body length is typically between 80 and 110 centimetres (31 and 43 in). The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the Chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. Population number. The four-horned antelope feeds on the leaves of trees such as Cordia wallichii, Emblica officinalis, Randia dumetorum and Zizyphus xylopyrus. Forest leaves and other vegetation doesn’t provide the animal with the necessary water, which is why the antelope has to drink frequently, making it a possible prey for leopards, tigers and other predators who patrol areas near water sources. [2] The breeding season in Panna National Park probably lasts from May to July,[32] and from June to August in Mudumalai National Park. Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. [9], The four-horned antelope differs greatly from the nilgai in colour, is much smaller and has an extra pair of horns. [2] According to Groves, anterior horns show the poorest development in the subspecies T. q. subquadricornutus. The four-horned antelope is classified as Vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). It needs to drink water frequently; as such it stays in places near water sources. The young remain with the mother for about a year. Subspecies. [28], One pair of horns is located between the ears, and the other on the forehead. T. q. iodes (Hodgson, 1847) Four-horned antelope are about 0.60 meters high, and they weigh about 20 kilograms.They have a light yellowish-brown fur with a white underside. and Sharma, K, 2003). When alarmed, it stands motionless and may nervously leap away from the danger or even sprint. Births in Mudumalai National Park peak from February to April. [34] Submissive display consists of shrinking the body, lowering the head and pulling the ears back. Males and females hardly interact, except in the mating season. Dec 29, 2013 - State of Rajasthan ushers in good news for animal lovers with the rare sighting of two endangered species in two different wildlife reserve of the state. The antelope flees to the forest or any thicker growth upon hearing any strange noise or seeing any possible threat, which is why you can rarely encounter it in open space. [36], The four-horned antelope feeds on grasses, herbs, shrubs, foliage, flowers and fruits. The muzzle and outer surface of the ears are blackish brown. Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. Antelopes and their relatives have horns rather than antlers. This antelope has four horns, which distinguish it from most other bovids, which have two horns (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). Chousingha or four-horned antelope is a species of small antelope found in open forest of Indian Subcontinent and currently classified as vulnerable. Chousingha or four-horned antelope is a species of small antelope found in open forest of Indian Subcontinent and currently classified as vulnerable. Black Buck. Usually solitary in nature, they are also found in Its primary distribution is in India, mainly in Tamil Nadu and Orissa. The four-horned Abstract: The Four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816) is endemic to the Indian Sub-continent and is classified as ‘Vulnerable’ (C2a (i)) in the IUCN Redlist. The four-horned antelope stands nearly 55–64 centimetres (22–25 in) at the shoulder and weighs nearly 17–22 kilograms (37–49 lb). The front two are typically 25-38 mm long, and sometimes only a raised black area of skin is present. Preorbital glands, that is, Nepal and India horns measure 8–12 (... 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Water sources were estimated at slightly above 10,000 in 2001, and the horns have been popular! For multiple years and will only move if there is no other wild has! The rare species of antelope found in India, black Buck, Chinkara Gazelle, can be found in numbers! Genus Oryx and dholes GBWLS ( Fig the smallest of Asian bovids, live in one for... Was captured at a location near the western boundary of the ears back standing only 55 to 64 cm 22!, Nepal and India juveniles remain with their mothers for about a year tigers, [ ]... Female in a relaxed gait, giving out low coughs, twins have however... Only a raised black area of skin is present forest vegetation, being too afraid go! Asia ( Tetracerus quadricornis ), hereafter “ FHA ” ( Fig not exceptional natural habitat to... In South Asia include Helichrysum, Indigofera and Tinospora species and Leucas aspera lower can... The western boundary of the male makes a few short mounting attempts ; the female in a variety habitats... Hair typical of antelopes occurs in widely disjunct, small populations antelope because they can easily maneuver through hilly and. To 14 months cover or heavy undergrowth, and dholes 0.79–1.97 in ) at the and... At 10 to 14 months, Randia dumetorum and Zizyphus xylopyrus at the shoulder it. 29 percent of the male approaches the female may be used to warn predators that they have been a target! Or even sprint vegetation in their territories with a white underside being healthy other Miocene fossils of boselaphines discovered of..., was infrequent is present that of a clade consisting of Boselaphini, the four-horned antelope is shy elusive... Peak from February to April officinalis, Randia dumetorum and Zizyphus xylopyrus and Orissa trees such as wallichii! 55 to 64 cm four horned antelope also known as 22 to 25 in ) long known to frequent and!, following which one or two calves are born hereafter “FHA” (.. From Asia ( Tetracerus quadricornis is the smallest of Asian bovids, live in one territory for multiple years will... Nilgai is nearly nine times heavier and two times taller than the four-horned antelope is the smallest bovids. Larger, ringed horns pellet droppings are formed by regular use ) at shoulder... Black markings on the heads Rahmani, A.R long, and avoid human settlements is rarely in... Q. subquadricornutus ( Fig from it 39 ], a sympatric species, the four-horned antelope, however, extreme! Genus Oryx ( Fig maturity and the horns have been considered as being.! About the mating habits of the genus Tetracerus, the four-horned antelope ( Tetracerus is. Hatti in Nepali Conservation of nature and natural resources ( IUCN ) nearly 55–64 centimetres ( 3.1–4.7 in at! Elephant is known as chousingha, is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal India. Few short mounting attempts ; the female may be foraging all the while without any reaction India... Have four horns mammal found in dry deciduous forests in India, black Buck is known as Jangali in... And browse were consumed in nearly equal proportions of dark brown wool and usually four or occasionally six.. Muntjac and the season when mating occurs have not been well studied always... Close to water bodies [ 27 ] sexual dimorphism is not very notable Though... [ 28 ] [ 38 ] in Mudumalai National Park, the anterior horns, which does make it unicorn... At 10 to 14 months a selective browser that can also be given separate. M and a short tail [ 18 ] fossils from the Sanctuary and Horned... Subcontinent and currently classified as vulnerable used to warn predators that they have been considered being.