Whether sold as Amaryllis or Hippeastrum, the strap-like leaves and flamboyant, colourful, trumpet-shaped flowers of this stunning bloom are guaranteed to bring some sunshine to the bleak, winter months. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. The bulb should sit up above the edge of the container. Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! Amaryllis (/ ˌ æ m ə ˈ r ɪ l ɪ s /) is the only genus in the subtribe Amaryllidinae (tribe Amaryllideae). The Amaryllis plant, or Hippeastrum, is a tropical flower that is native to South Africa. Buy healthy bulbs. The name Amaryllis is taken from the Greek word ‘amarysso’ meaning ‘to sparkle’ and ‘amarella’ to describe the bitterness of the bulb. Water lightly and place in a warm, bright location. The large bell-shaped or lily-like flowers of the amaryllis (Hippeastrum species) and its hybrids make excellent garden and potted plants.They are available in a wide range of flower colors including red, white, pink, orange, salmon or bicolored and typically have two to six flowers per stalk. Growing amaryllis indoors requires little of you during the first winter. When all danger of frost is past in spring, acclimate the amaryllis plant to the outdoors by first placing it in the shade or indirect light. Allow to drain completely. Poorly drained soil or soil that is constantly wet (overwatered) may also attract fungus gnats, a type of fruit fly. After all, an Amaryllis by any other name would smell as sweet! Continue to fertilize monthly with an all-purpose houseplant or indoor plant fertilizer. Because the stem is so tall, it's helpful to have a heavy container that won't tip over. If the bulb does not produce a flowering stalk in the next blooming period, it is likely that has not stored enough nutrients during the post-blooming period. Flowers usually develop in about 4 to 6 weeks from dormant bulbs. Move the plant out of direct sunlight when the flower buds have begun to open. Do not let the plant sit in water as wet soil can promote bulb and root rot and attract pests. Mary Meyer, Extension horticulturalist and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Amaryllis also make excellent cut flowers. Wipe pruners and stakes used on infected plants with alcohol. Although amaryllis can be purchased at any stage of development, for many, the real fun is growing the flower from a bulb. What to do: Because control is difficult, it is best to destroy any infested bulbs as soon as the narcissus bulb fly is identified. Keeping the plant healthy and growing throughout the summer will promote blooming later in the season. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Containers may be made of plastic, metal, ceramic or terracotta. Bulbs were brought to Europe in the 1700s and have been known to bloom for up to 75 years. Select a container that has one or more holes in the bottom and drains easily. Gradually move the container to a location or garden bed where it will receive full sun for at least 6 hours daily. Fill the pot about half full with sterile, new potting soil high in organic matter such as peat moss. There are 5 main types of Amaryllis including large flowering, double flowering, small flowering, trumpet-shaped and cybister Amaryllis. A surefire source of vibrant color, Amaryllis bulbs are easy-to-grow, and mesmerizing to watch, as they seem to bloom overnight. popular flowers, though they are of the family Amaryllidaceae, are if it is cared for. Plant bulbs in a clean container with sterile, new potting soil. Facts about Amaryllis Amaryllis is a perennial flowering plant. These big bulbs are easy to bring into bloom, and even a … What travels faster in air sound or light and how do you know this? Incredibly easy to plant, nearly foolproof to grow, they provide weeks and even months of bloom indoors as potted plants or cut flowers. Select a sunny location on a deck or patio for your potted amaryllis, or just sink the entire pot into the soil in a sunny garden bed. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Fertilizer packaging always provides an analysis shown in three numbers such as 10-20-15. If after 8 to 12 weeks, no new growth has appeared, remove the potted bulb from the dark and place in a sunny location. White Flower Farm is a family-owned mail-order nursery located in northwestern Connecticut. The secret to keeping amaryllis thriving for years is to keep the plants actively growing AFTER they have finished blooming. Do not water during this time. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Renowned for their tall stems and big, bold flowers, some think of amaryllis as festive flowers, but you can enjoy them any time from Christmas through to the spring. However, the amaryllis bulbs we commonly purchase and grow as houseplants are hybrids of the genus Hippeastrum and are native to Central and South America. The Amaryllis is a part of the large Liliacea family but does not have the same toxic principles as the more common “true” lilies (e.g., Easter, Asiatic, Day, Japanese show, etc.). About: Amaryllis are tender, deciduous bulbs with thick strap-shaped leaves and stunning trumpet-shaped flowers that form a dramatic display from winter to early spring. This will help build up nutrients in the bulb for flower production the next year. Amaryllis (or Amarillo plant, or Amerilla plant) is a bulb, abundantly flowering with great exuberance. Amaryllis grow best in narrow containers. An Amaryllis, the flower we commonly see in November and December, will continue to come back every year over several years if it is cared for. Some bulbs may have an offshoot growing from its base. If new growth appears during this time, remove the potted bulb from the dark location and place in a sunny window. Amaryllis are tropical plants that are winter hardy only in … Look for beautiful containers in shades that will complement your amaryllis. The narcissus bulb fly (Merodon spp.) December, will continue to come back every year over several years Native to Africa, the genus Amaryllis comes from the Greek word amarysso, which means "to sparkle." By following a few easy tips, these showy, beautiful flowers will bloom year after year for you. The amaryllis originated in South America's tropical regions and has the botanical name Hippeastrum. Choose bulbs with bright green new growth and without spots or visible damage. The disease is often difficult to diagnose because superficial small red or pink patches may appear on the outside of healthy bulbs. They are often commonly, but incorrectly, known as amaryllis. Whether purchasing a bare bulb to plant or bulbs planted in a pot, the size and condition of bulbs will influence amaryllis performance. Inspect the bulb periodically for mold or mildew. After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. All Rights Reserved. The plant contains similar toxins to the flowers in the Narcissus group or the Belladonna Amaryllis (the only true Amaryllis). Cut the stems right before the buds are ready to open, and display them in a vase with greens or other seasonal blooms. Amaryllis plants bloom best when they grow in a container with little extra space (potbound). Bulbs were brought to Europe in the 1700s and have been known to bloom for up to 75 years. Their cultivars belong to the Galaxy group. The (only) flower of the family Amaryllidaceae that is of the genus However, the amaryllis bulbs we commonly purchase and grow as houseplants are hybrids of the genus Hippeastrum and are native to Central and South America. Some varieties are bicolor such as purple and green, or picotee (having petals with a different edge color). Amaryllis and other members of the Amaryllidaceae family contain phenanthridine alkaloids, such as lycorine and tazetine. Whether the first bulb or the fiftieth, there is high anticipation for the plant owner when the large, bright green bud emerges from a beefy amaryllis bulb! Amaryllis grows from a bulb; the flowers pop up on a tall stem over the strappy leaves. These plants have strappy leaves and huge flowers shaped like trumpet lilies. How long do amaryllis flowers last? Every year I photograph lots and lots of Amaryllis flowers at the Keukenhof Garden “the Amaryllis Parade” in the Netherlands and I can’t get enough of all the different shape, size and colors. After the flowers have faded, cut them off to prevent seed formation. To promote blooming, use a houseplant fertilizer with a high phosphorus content. Fertilize amaryllis each time you water at half the recommended strength when new growth is visible (including on newly purchased bulbs). However, even when they receive the best of care, amaryllis plants (Hippeastrum spp.) University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. The most popular group is the Large Flowering Amaryllis group with single flowers up to 8-10 in (20-25 cm). This process will force the plant to bloom providing the bulb has sufficient energy to produce a flower stalk. How do you diagnose the solenoid on a 2003 Ford Focus? 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