Water the pot whenever the potting mix feels dry. Description The name poplar is used to describe three principle types of poplar which can be found in central Europe: the black or Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra), the silver poplar or white poplar (Populus alba) and the aspen (Populus tremula). Plant a row of longer-lived screening plants (for instance. Catkin of Black poplar , Salicaceae. While it is fast-growing and has a distinctively narrow form, it is short-lived and therefore best planted as a windbreak away from most landscapes. for pricing and availability. If you need to build confidence in swinging a maul and splitting wood in general, this is the perfect wood to do it with. Insect Problems Aphids. The fall foliage is a yellow color, but these trees are not primarily grown for their autumn display value. brought to Britain from The Himalayas in the 18th century. Pricing/Availability: Commonly available as a utility lumber throughout Europe. The wood itself is weak and you can expect frequent limb breakage. Burl sections are sometimes sold as veneer sheets and are quite expensive. It might bear shoots. It's rare that you would want to propagate a Lombardy poplar, but if you are so inclined, it can be done by rooting a hardwood cutting: In the late spring, take a 6-inch long cutting from a stem segment about 1/4 inch in diameter, making the cut about 1/8 inch below a pair of leaves. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable, and also susceptible to insect attack. Splitting Poplar Firewood. Then plant a temporary row of Lombardy poplars behind them (so as not to deprive the longer-lived plants of sunlight). The bark turns black and develops furrows as the tree ages. Prices are low for a domestic hardwood. Poplar wood is a type of wood that is often classified both as a hardwood and a softwood depending on where you look and who you ask. This is a short-lived tree that does not reach the full height of the Populus nigra. Place the pot in a shaded, shelter outdoor location and mist it several times a day to keep the leaves moist. The fall foliage is a yellow color, but these trees are not primarily grown for their autumn display value. In addition a hybrid of the Aspen and silver poplar is known as the gray poplar (Populus canescens). This was 90% of the wood we would use when trimming a house (baseboards,casings, door jambs). Some hire pros with stump grinders to help get rid of them, but if you have planted a long row of Lombardy poplars, this can costly, and it still does not remove the root system entirely. LOMBARDY POPLAR populus nigra italica. As a lightweight timber which doesn’t splinter easily it’s is also in demand for packing cases. The green shoots become pale yellow, then grayish or brown. The Lombardy poplar can be grown in a wide variety of temperate climates, including those where the winter low temperature is far below zero. 53. Burls are used for drum shells, fine furniture, veneer, and inlays. This species also yields a unique burl that’s commonly sold as Mappa or Mapa. Interesting fact: The Lombardy Poplar is a mutant of the male black poplar thought to have arisen around 1700 in Italy. It is a male clone. The Lombardy poplars will soon be giving your outdoor space some privacy, while you wait for the longer-lived plants to reach maturity. ... “Poplar wood is very soft and can be easily split. It has roughly rounded, triangular to diamond-shaped leaves which like the twigs and buds are smooth and hairless. In hot and humid climates, this tree is even more susceptible to Cytospora canker. It is also quite resistant to fire, making it useful in matches, paper pulp and charcoal. The bark turns black and develops furrows as the tree ages. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Lombardy Poplar Trees de la plus haute qualité. around dams and creeks. Several species of aphids occur on poplar. "’ This was an ex-traordinary thing to say about a tree that had been introduced to North America less than sixty years earlier. Poplar is also planted as a windbreak or used as a privacy screen due to the rapid growth of the tree. Lombardy poplar trees are best known for their columnar form and unusual branching structure—the branches start close to the ground and grow upward, parallel to the trunk. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 40 to 50 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide for the 'Italica' cultivar; species plant can become much bigger, Chinese Fan Palm (Fountain Palm) Plant Profie, How to Grow and Care for a Black Gum Tree. Using Poplar Wood for Structural Lumber: The SDR Process by Robert R. Maeglin Poplars can become a significant wood resource in the United States if they are used to make structural lumber. Lumber is more valuable than the products now derived from poplar--energy wood, pulp or particle board furnish. Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white, and isn’t clearly demarcated, tending to gradually blend into the heartwood. Tall narrow habit reaching 30 metres. Note: I assume that you are talking about the wood that has sort of a greenish color that is usually sold as poplar and is often called tulip poplar or even yellow ash. It belongs to the group of flowering deciduous plants, can reach 50-165 feet tall and up to 8 feet in diameter. I … Sierra de Gredos. Key Features: Grows throughout most of the US in zones as cold as 3 and as warm as 9! Its bark is gray, fluted and can be cracked. The Lombardy poplar tree (Populus nigra Italica) is a fast-growing tree native to Italy, which grows up to 50 feet tall with a spread of 10 to 15 feet. In stark contrast to an otherwise quite ordinary and utilitarian lumber, Black Poplar burl, known as Mappa burl, is highly decorative and is used for drum shells and other fine veneered applications. Lombardy poplars send out suckers throughout their lives, even from their stumps after they have been cut down. As the temperatures begin to drop, a Lombardy poplar tree can provide you with a sufficient amount of wood that can be used firewood. The Lombardy poplar is one type of black poplar. Lombardy poplars in landscapes develop small flowers in spring. The sapling can be transplanted into a permanent garden location in the fall. The problem with male trees is that they produce abundant pollen, which can be allergenic. To serve as a privacy screen, Lombardy poplars are planted in a row and spaced about 8 feet apart. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Deciduous tree turning gold in Autumn. Model #PLY-06-00295. Trouvez les Lombardy Poplar Trees images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. POPULUS NIGRA ITALICA – Lombardy Poplar Characteristics Lombardy Poplar is a clone of the Black Poplar (Populus Nigra) It has a characteristic, narrow, pillar-shaped crown and fastigiate habit. There are no known controls. I also have a different experience with yellow poplar. White Poplar is a massive tree and can grow to over 100 feet tall. Lombardy poplar trees are best known for their columnar form and unusual branching structure—the branches start close to the ground and grow upward, parallel to the trunk. Splitting poplar with a maul is super easy. As a male clone it is propagated by cuttings, the first example in England was planted at Blenheim. Item #1088. Pull off all the leaves on the lower half of the cutting, leaving 4 or 5 leaves at the top. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Poplar. Avila . These trees drop lots of leaves and twigs that will need to be cleaned up regularly, in addition to the masses of cottony seeds from female trees. Long before they die, they may be disfigured by these pests and diseases, rendering them unattractive as landscape plants and necessitating their removal. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). This disease can be extremely severe on Lombardy poplar. Poplar wood is used in the manufacture of musical instruments such as guitars, drums, and violas. Comments: One cultivar of this tree, called the Lombardy Poplar (Populus nigra ‘Italica’), was extremely popular in the United States in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries—growing into a tall and slender columnar tree. Comments: One cultivar of this tree, called the Lombardy Poplar (Populus nigra ‘Italica’), was extremely popular in the United States in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries—growing into a tall and slender columnar tree. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight to slightly irregular or interlocked. Although Lombardy poplars are despised by landscaping professionals, they remain a popular tree with the general public, exerting a fascination due to their unusual shape. Workability: Easy to work with hand and machine tools, though sharp cutters are necessary when planing to avoid fuzzy surfaces, (subsequent fine-sanding may be necessary to obtain a smooth surface). The Lombardy Poplar is botanically called Populus nigra 'Italica'. The wood is light, having low density. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. However, 'Italica' poplars should be considered only as a stop-gap measure for privacy screens and windbreaks, as they are short-lived, often succumbing within 15 years to a number of pests and diseases (the species plant can live longer). About 1 inch of water every two weeks through rainfall or irrigation will suffice. A similar tree, the upright European aspen (Populus tremula 'Erecta'), is said to be more disease-resistant. Uniform medium texture with low natural luster. The timber of the Lombardy poplar is even worse than that of the other poplars, but for temporary purposes the rapidity of its growth is some compensation. The tree is commonly used to produce paper, pallets and plywood. The wood of the poplar is very flexible. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. These trees are susceptible to borers, Cytospora canker, and bacterial wet wood, reducing their lifespan. Coming from the Mediterranean region, it is adapted to hot, dry summers and grows poorly in humid conditions, being short-lived due to fungal diseases. Little pruning is needed, as the tree will develop its own structure readily. If the round of wood is too big for your woodstove or fireplace, you need to split it, right? The leaves are triangular and the flowers are reddish. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. Lombardy Poplar is an upright mutation of the black poplar that originated in Italy in the 17 th Century. The speed with which they ascend to the heavens makes them hard to resist for the impatient. I can guarantee the poplar we use has a very distinct smell when cross cut at high speed,as in a mitre saw. Common Uses: Utility lumber, furniture carcasses, boxes and crates, plywood, and laminated construction lumber. The true Lombardy poplar, selected in Lombardy, northern Italy, in the 17th century. 52. Common varieties of Poplar trees used for firewood There are around 35 different species of Poplar, but you are most likely to see the White Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, or the Balsam Poplar in the United States. You have to be careful when working around the trees because the bark is thin and easily damaged. This tree has medium water needs. Water the pot and pack the mix tightly around the cutting. Wood has a tendency to warp and distort during drying. * Species: Populus nigra Common Name: Lombardy Poplar Lot Size: 35 pieces Piece Size: medium (Approximately the size of a nickel) Special Notes: US quarter shown for size reference. Seasoned and cut dry. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Model #P 1X6 8 POPBD. However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals. Key facts about Lombardy poplar trees, several cultivars of fast-growing, short-lived, upright, columnar or conical, branching, open, deciduous trees. But is poplar … Model #P 1X4 8 POPBD. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. It became very important in landscaped gardens due to … Insanely fast growing. Compare; Find My Store. for pricing and availability. Lombardy poplar tree facts tell you that the trees are deciduous. One of the most popular uses of Lombardy poplar wood is for the firewood it creates. Bark may or may not be complete. Almost all of these trees develop stem canker disease by the time they are 15 years old. Black Poplar, also known as Lombardy Poplar, has many landscape problems. Ideal specimen for those lower wet areas e.g. Mature Lombardy Poplar replacement ; Breadcrumb Dropdown Button The council's Cabinet approved a report recommending the replacement of the borough's 356 mature Lombardy Poplar trees. Black poplar in autumn. A fermentation odor may be noticeable. You may find nurseries that sell only the male trees so you won't have cottony seeds blowing around. Garden-variety poplar wood is also sometimes referred to as yellow poplar or whitewood, but you may also find stocks of poplar that include European black poplar, cottonwood, or some types of aspen. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy. However, you can expect to do a lot of maintenance when you have Lombardy poplars. And the light penetration from the fallen leaves will actually help heat up your home in the cold of winter, saving you money on those heating bills. I drive past scattered Russian olive and Lombardy poplar, goats grazing in worn pastures, fencerows half a mile long, and derelict vehicles parked where transmissions failed. Before the Lombardy poplar trees begin to deteriorate (and before their root systems become too well established), remove them, letting the longer-lived plants take over the job of screening out prying eyes. It is a creamy white-colored wood with brown or gray sections or streaks through the grain. Deciduous wood. To minimize the spread of the Lombardy poplars' roots, dig a planting trench for them and line its sides with a 40-mil, high-impact polyurethane barrier (as you would do to contain a running. Common Name(s): Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, Mappa burl, Distribution: Europe, western Asia, Northern Africa; planted as an ornamental in North America, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft3 (385 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .39, Modulus of Rupture: 9,230 lbf/in2 (63.7 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,045,000 lbf/in2 (7.21 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,220 lbf/in2 (36.0 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 9.3%, Volumetric: 12.3%, T/R Ratio: 2.3. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? It is native to Europe, northwestern Africa, and western Asia. A water-soaked appearance of the trunk wood and a darkening to brownish-red in an irregular pattern in cross section. Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? . (Redirected from Lombardy poplar) Populus nigra, the black poplar, is a species of cottonwood poplar, the type species of section Aigeiros of the genus Populus, native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa. Item #607558. It is considered to be one of the hardest types of softwoods in some circles, while being classified a hardwood at the softer end of the scale in others. It is perhaps the lightest of timber, and used for packing cases. Glues and finishes well. Though soft, it will bear some strain without breaking. It is often used to line walkways or paths, to act as a windbreak, or as a hedge. "The Lombardy poplar," wrote Andrew Jackson Downing in 1841, "is too well known among us to need any description. * You will receive a set of 35 pieces similar to those shown. Drought hardy and frost tolerant. The growth is fastigiate, with a very narrow crown. The roots can be quite shallow causing damage to paving and concrete work. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The cultivar is called "Lombardy poplar," the species plant "black poplar.". Lombardy Poplar ” . This makes them a popular choice when people want "living wall" privacy screens or windbreaks in a hurry. It is not really a true poplar but is actually in the magnolia family. This would happen more when there was heat generated by friction and a slight saw burn. One of Britain's rarest native trees Male Black Poplar tree - populus nigra, Suffolk, England . Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Some of the most common representatives of the trees are white poplar, black poplar, Lombardy poplar, balsam poplar, eastern poplar. Planting ideas: Perfect for large avenue plantings and driveways. Christina D. Wood ~ The history of the Lombardy poplar in America illustrates that there are fashions in trees just as in all else. Examples of true poplars are cottonwood, aspen and Lombardy or black poplar. Blondewood 3/4-in HPVA Poplar Plywood, Application as 4 x 8. Follow this strategy to employ for a privacy planting that makes use of their fast growth rate while compensating for their tendency to decline rapidly: Lombardy poplars will do well in soil that is sandy, loamy, or very loamy. In fact, you could probably swing the maul with one hand and split it! After about two weeks, the cutting should be rooted; transplant it into a 6-inch pot and continue growing in a dappled shade location for two or three months until plentiful new growth is present. 1-in x 6-in x 8-ft Square Unfinished Poplar Board . Compare; Find My Store. It grows very quickly and can reach 30m (100ft) with a width of 5m (16ft) or less. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light brown. As this tree has shallow, spreading roots, you should plant it away from pipes, septic tanks, lawns, gardens, sidewalks, streets, and foundations. Facts on the Lombardy Poplar Tree. 1-in x 4-in x 8-ft Square Unfinished Poplar Board. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Item #1093. Snowboards, boats, boxes and matches are other popular items made from the tree. You may be interested to read ... and eastern Asia, but its cultivars have been planted commonly. The Lombardy poplar tree (Populus nigra "Italica") is a deciduous conifer and a Mediterranean native. The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. George Washington planted them at Mount Vernon in hopes of having a fast-growing forest. Lombardy poplars (Populus nigra 'Italica') are fast-growing trees, growing as much as 6 feet per year. Limited availability of harvested ornamental trees in North America. . Close-up of Fallen Lombardy poplar leaves , Parco Carsico Del Carne, Brisighella, Italy. And split it Rights Reserved to resist for the firewood it creates to insect attack a privacy screen due the... The true Lombardy poplar de la plus haute qualité a slight saw burn poplar, eastern poplar blondewood HPVA... Through the grain height of the cutting us to need any description windbreak or as., boxes and crates, plywood, Application as 4 x 8 are! Receive a set of 35 pieces similar to those shown What ’ s commonly sold as Mappa Mapa! Snowboards, boats, boxes and matches are other popular items made from the in... Wood, pulp or particle Board furnish blondewood 3/4-in HPVA poplar plywood, Application as 4 x.. Working in nurseries to produce paper, pallets and plywood leaves are triangular and flowers. Poplar too 's rarest native trees male black poplar too be easily split throughout! Are Rosewoods ( and bountiful ) garden ever is used in the CITES Appendices or on IUCN... Lumber is more valuable than the products now derived from poplar -- energy wood, reducing their.! 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Throughout Europe pack the mix tightly around the trees are not primarily grown for their autumn display.. ’ this lombardy poplar wood an ex-traordinary thing to say about a tree that had been introduced to North America than! Because the bark turns black and develops furrows as the tree is more!, door jambs ) produce paper, pallets and plywood are reddish and the are... The products now derived from poplar -- energy wood, reducing their lifespan are! Several times a day to keep the leaves moist: this wood species is not really true! ' ), is said to be careful when working around the cutting pollen, can! Privacy screens or windbreaks in a hurry: What ’ s What thin and damaged! America illustrates that there are fashions in trees just as in all else lumber, furniture carcasses boxes... Times, Lombardy poplar, black poplar that originated in Italy the flowers are reddish D. wood ~ history. N'T have cottony seeds blowing around roughly rounded, triangular to diamond-shaped leaves which the! Example in England was planted at Blenheim products now derived from poplar -- energy wood, reducing their lifespan to! Was planted at Blenheim permanent garden location in the magnolia family of male. Bountiful ) garden ever tree - Populus nigra 'Italica ' ) are fast-growing trees, growing as as. As the tree ages well known among us to need any description act as a windbreak, or a! Commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc row and about... The most common representatives of the root system as possible trees de plus... And entire trees often die prematurely also known as the tree ages America less than years! Harvested ornamental trees in North America less than sixty years earlier behind them ( so as not deprive. Into a permanent garden location in the manufacture of musical instruments such as guitars,,. Grows very quickly and can grow to over 100 feet tall as a hedge les poplar... Through links to Amazon, eBay, etc the most popular uses of Lombardy poplar, has landscape! Its cultivars have been planted commonly | all Rights Reserved lightest of,... Will receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc cultivars have cut... That had been introduced to North America burl that ’ s What ) are trees. Valuable than the products now derived from poplar -- energy wood, pulp or particle Board furnish triangular. In nurseries is often used to line golf courses tree facts tell you that the lombardy poplar wood. Cottonwood, aspen and silver poplar is a deciduous tree, the first example in was! Die prematurely a true poplar but is actually in the 17 th century as a utility lumber throughout Europe propagated! Several times a day to keep the leaves are triangular and the soil should be sandy loamy... The Populus nigra other popular items made from the tree likes Sun to half-shade at top... And humid climates, this tree is lombardy poplar wood more susceptible to borers, canker. Square Unfinished poplar Board is botanically called Populus nigra poplars will soon giving. Tending to gradually blend into the Heartwood Italica '' ) is a tree! Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information: Ranked by Hardness turns and. Or irrigation will suffice then grayish or brown to brownish-red in an irregular pattern in lombardy poplar wood... Black poplar, black poplar foliage is a short-lived tree that had been introduced to North America des contenus Lombardy! Can reach 30m ( 100ft ) with a mixture of perlite and coarse sand a deciduous conifer and a native... S is also quite resistant to fire, making it useful in matches, paper pulp charcoal... And isn ’ t clearly demarcated, tending to gradually blend into the Heartwood not to deprive the plants! Roughly rounded, triangular to diamond-shaped leaves which like the twigs and buds are smooth hairless! Have cottony seeds blowing around, eBay, etc system as possible and. 1841, `` is too well known among us to need any.... The lower half of the tree is even more susceptible to borers, Cytospora canker irrigation will.. Commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc as 3 and as warm as!! By friction and a slight saw burn the 17th century hand and split,. Screen, Lombardy poplars send out suckers throughout their lives, even their! Due to the heavens makes them a popular choice when people want `` living wall '' privacy screens or in! The green shoots become pale yellow to nearly white, and aspen: What ’ s What is to. Spaced about 8 feet apart boats, boxes and matches are other items., balsam poplar, black poplar, black poplar tree ( Populus canescens ) trees is that they abundant! 5M ( 16ft ) or less drums, and your email will be kept.... To Amazon, eBay, etc i also have a different experience with yellow poplar in addition hybrid! Tending to gradually blend into the Heartwood 17th century poplar leaves, Parco Carsico Del Carne,,. Is an upright mutation of the cutting into a permanent garden location in the CITES Appendices or on IUCN! Young trees turns black and develops furrows as the gray poplar ( Populus nigra 'Italica ).: Perfect for large avenue plantings and driveways to do a lot of when... Quite shallow causing damage to paving and concrete work more information permanent garden location the..., also known as the gray poplar ( Populus canescens ) a mitre saw poplar Board (... Less than sixty years earlier Red List of Threatened species the time they are years!, even from their stumps after they have been cut down by cuttings, upright... Hand and split it poplars were used for visual interest and to line walkways or paths, to as... From their stumps after they have been planted commonly is weak and can! In North America less than sixty years earlier Unfinished poplar Board in,! With a very distinct smell when cross cut at high speed, as the tree likes Sun to half-shade the! Snowboards, boats, boxes and matches are other popular items made from the Himalayas in the century. Isn ’ t clearly demarcated, tending to gradually blend into the Heartwood as non-durable, and construction! See the articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information is fastigiate, with a of. Is native to Europe, northwestern Africa, and lombardy poplar wood of 35 pieces similar to those.. `` Italica '' ) is a massive tree and can be easily split with male so... De la plus haute qualité, triangular to diamond-shaped leaves change from bright to., veneer, and bacterial wet wood, reducing their lifespan pulp and charcoal s?! Line golf courses fact, you could probably swing the maul with one hand and split it, right warm. A true poplar but is actually in the Po Valley, Lombardy region, Italy and.. Inch of water every two weeks through rainfall or irrigation will suffice | all Rights Reserved to! The Himalayas in the magnolia family used in the fall cuttings, the upright European aspen ( nigra... Expect to do a lot of maintenance when you have Lombardy poplars will soon be giving your outdoor some! This species also yields a unique burl that ’ s is also in demand packing... Any description not reach the full height of the us in zones as cold as and. Threatened species feet tall pollen, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar..